Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome is a form of drug withdrawal in newborns. This syndrome has multiple causes but the most common situation occurs when the mother is taking narcotics during pregnancy. The drugs get transferred through the placenta to the baby and the baby’s body becomes relient on that chemical. The newborn essentially becomes addicted to the same substance as the mother. Common substances that cause this syndrome include heroin, oxycodone, morphine, marijuana, and even caffeine.
Symptoms: Some examples include sweating, fever, tremors, poor feeding, poor sleeping and an elevated respiratory rate.
Treatment: Infants are just given supportive treatment (treat the symptoms). The syndrome usually passes after a few days, although it can take as long as a few weeks, depending on the narcotic used.